Human evolution is the theory of the origin of people, created by the English naturalist and traveler Charles Darwin. He claimed that ancient man was descended from a monkey. To prove his theory, Darwin traveled a lot and tried to collect various scientific facts.
It is important to emphasize here that evolution (from the Latin. Evolutio - "unfolding"), as a natural process of the development of living nature, accompanied by a change in the genetic composition of populations, does have a place to be.
But regarding the emergence of life in general and the emergence of man in particular, evolution is rather scanty for scientific evidence. It is not by chance that she is still considered to be just a hypothetical theory.
Some tend to believe in the evolution of ancient man, considering it the only reasonable explanation for the origin of modern people. Others completely deny evolution as an antiscientific thing, and prefer to believe that man was created by the Creator without any intermediate options.
So far, neither side has been able to scientifically convince opponents that they are right, therefore, we can confidently assume that both positions are based purely on faith. What do you think? Write about it in the comments.
But let's deal with the most common terms associated with the Darwinian idea.
Who are australopithecines? This word can often be heard in the near-scientific conversations about human evolution.
Australopithecus (southern monkeys) are erect descendants of Driopithecus who lived in the steppes of Africa about 4 million years ago. These were fairly highly developed primates.
It is from them that the most ancient kind of people, which scientists call Homo habilis - "a skilled person", originated.
The authors of the theory of evolution believe that in terms of appearance and structure, a skilled person was no different from ape-like monkeys, but he was already able to make primitive cutting and chopping tools from coarsely processed pebbles.
According to the theory of evolution, the fossil species of the people of Homo erectus ("erect man") appeared in East Africa and already 1.6 million years ago spread widely throughout Europe and Asia.
The straight erect man was of medium height (up to 180 cm) and was distinguished by a straight walk.
Representatives of this species learned how to make stone tools for labor and hunting, used animal skins as clothing, lived in caves, used fire and cooked food on it.
At one time the ancestor of modern man was considered a Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis). This species, according to the theory of evolution, appeared about 200 thousand years ago, and 30 thousand years ago ceased to exist.
Neanderthals were hunters and differed powerful physique. However, their height did not exceed 170 centimeters. Now scientists believe that Neanderthals were, most likely, only the side branch of the evolutionary tree from which man descended.
A reasonable man (in Latin - Homo sapiens) appeared, according to Darwin's theory of evolution, 100-160 thousand years ago. Homo sapiens built huts and huts, sometimes even residential pits, the walls of which were sheathed with wood.
They skillfully used bows and arrows, spears and bone hooks for fishing, and also built boats.
The rational man loved to paint the body, decorate clothes and household items with drawings. It was Homo sapiens who created the human civilization that exists and is still developing.Stages of development of ancient man according to the theory of evolution
It should be said that this whole evolutionary chain of human origin is exclusively Darwin's theory, which still has no scientific evidence. History does not possess information that even in such ancient civilizations as Sumer or Egypt there were at least some hints of a monkey, like the progenitor of man.
Charles Darwin himself was well aware of the absolute hypothetical nature of his judgments, about which he wrote more than once. For all that, it is impossible not to give credit to this naturalist, who nevertheless tried to explain the origin of man by natural selection and evolution.