Konstantin Paustovsky

Konstantin Paustovsky is a Russian Soviet writer who worked in the style of romanticism. He was a master of writing landscape and lyric prose.

Over the years of his biography, Paustovsky was twice nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature, and his books were repeatedly translated into many languages ​​of the world.

So before you short biography of Konstantin Paustovsky.

Biography Paustovsky

Konstantin Georgievich Paustovsky was born on May 19, 1892 in Moscow.

His father, Georgy Maksimovich, worked as a railway supervisor and came from a sort of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks. Mother, Maria, was a housewife and was engaged in raising children.

In addition to Constantine, two more boys and one girl were born in the Paustovsky family.

An interesting fact is that the grandfather of the future paternal writer once served the Russian emperor. It was he who introduced his grandson to Ukrainian folklore and Cossack culture.

Childhood and youth

From a young age, Paustovsky liked literature, as a result of which he constantly spent his free time with books. The family often moved, so the childhood of the future writer took place either in Moscow, now in Bryansk, then in Kiev.

In 1904, the young man entered the First Kiev Classical Gymnasium. At that time he was seriously interested in geography.

Paustovsky in his youth

Studying at the gymnasium, Konstantin Paustovsky wrote the story “On the Water”, the first in his biography. After that, he successfully passed the exams in the Bryansk gymnasium, but did not study there for long.

In 1908, Paustovsky’s parents decided to divorce, which very upset the teenager and made him think about the future.

A year later, he returned to Kiev and was reinstated at the Alexander Gymnasium.

During this period of his biography, Paustovsky began to earn a living by tutoring, thanks to which he was able to lead an independent lifestyle. He liked to learn and get new knowledge.

After graduating from high school, Konstantin entered the university at the Faculty of History and Philology. At this time he was determined to link his life with writing.

In 1914, on the eve of World War I, Paustovsky went to Moscow, where his relatives lived. There he gets a job as a conductor.

Soon he was drafted into the army, but Paustovsky was declared unfit for service, due to severe myopia. An interesting fact is that both brothers of the writer died at the front.

Creativity Paustovskogo

The first works in the biography of Konstantin Paustovsky were published in the publication "Ogni". Shortly before the beginning of the war, he visited Taganrog, in which Anton Chekhov was born.

While in this city, Paustovsky began to write the book "Romantics", on which he will work for 20 years.

Back in Moscow, Paustovsky got a job working as a correspondent. In this regard, he had to repeatedly attend various demonstrations, which were often held in Russia in the post-revolutionary period.

At this time, from his pen came an autobiographical work "A Tale of Life", consisting of 6 parts.

In this book, Konstantin G. perfectly described the events of that time. In addition, he detailed the biographies of leading political figures and revolutionaries of the time.

After that, the writer traveled to many Russian and Ukrainian cities, and also visited the countries of Central Asia. Soon Paustovsky realized that he was experiencing a special interest and awe of nature.

Works by Paustovsky

Inspired by the beauty of the landscape, Paustovsky writes the stories "Badger's nose", "Snow" and "Sivyy gelding".

After that, he publishes a series of fairy tales and instructive stories, some of which are included in the school curriculum.

Soviet schoolchildren remember well such short and deep works by Paustovsky as "Disheveled Sparrow", "Residents of the Old House", "Warm Bread", etc.

Later, in his stories and fairy tales, dozens of cartoon and feature films will be made.

In the period of the biography of 1950-1960. Konstantin Paustovsky was at the peak of his popularity.

His talent was appreciated by critics, and the books were translated into different languages. In parallel, he was engaged in teaching.

After the death of Joseph Stalin, Paustovsky visited many European countries. In 1965 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in literature.

And although he did not get this prestigious award, it was received by another Soviet writer, Mikhail Sholokhov (see interesting facts about Sholokhov).

Interestingly, the well-known Hollywood actress Marlene Dietrich, who highly appreciated the talent of the Russian writer, was an admirer of Paustovsky's work.

When in the late 50s Dietrich arrived in Russia, she managed to meet with Konstantin Paustovsky and talk with him personally.

Leaving back to the USA, she presented him with several photographs in which they were captured together.

Personal life

When Paustovsky turned 23, he met his future wife, Ekaterina Zagorskaya. They married in 1915, and 10 years later they had a boy named Vadim. Together the spouses have lived for 20 years, but over time they began to lose interest in each other.

Soon Konstantin Georgievich had a mistress of Valery Navashin. When Catherine found out about her, she immediately filed for divorce.

As a result, the second wife of Paustovsky was Navashina, to whom he dedicated many works. However, this marriage did not last long.

In 1948, he met Tatiana Arbuzova, who was married to the famous playwright Alexei Arbuzov.

Konstantin Paustovsky with his wife Tatyana Arbuzova and son

For Paustovsky, Tatiana left her husband and began to live with him. In 1950, they had a son, Alex. Konstantin wrote about his wife Tatiana like this:

Tenderness, my only person, I swear by life that such love (without boasting) was not yet in the world. It was not and will not be, all the rest of love is nonsense and nonsense. Let your heart, my heart, calmly and happily beat! We will all be happy, everyone! I know and believe ...

Death

For many years, the biography of Konstantin Paustovsky tormented asthma. The disease has become particularly acute in the last years of his life.

Despite this, he actively defended disgraced writers and never took part in the persecution of "dissidents."

There was even a case when Paustovsky publicly refused to shake hands with the critic who opposed the harassed Boris Pasternak.

Konstantin G. Paustovsky died July 14, 1968 at the age of 76 years.

An interesting fact is that a few years after his death, the minor planet was numbered 5269 in honor of the writer.

Watch the video: Konstantin Paustovsky (April 2020).

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