In this article, we present some excerpts from the memoirs of contemporaries about the greatest commander Suvorov, as well as tell about his personal qualities.
More about the life of the great commander and his campaigns, we told in the biography of Suvorov. Here, besides memories and opinions, we will briefly highlight Suvorov's contribution to military science.Alexander Vasilievich Suvorov
Personality of Suvorov
The whole biography of Suvorov is an unprecedented feat of the Russian military genius. Even the enemies and rivals of Suvorov recognized his absolute genius, considering him the pinnacle of military art.
At one time, Napoleon, who adopted many of the rules of military art from Suvorov, managed to defeat all his opponents.
An interesting fact is that Suvorov, who does not like pomp, looking around the tomb of an Austrian field marshal, told the governor of his office:
Grave of Suvorov in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery
"Why such a long inscription? I will give you my will. On my tomb write only three words:" Suvorov lies here. "
The French king Louis XVIII, who personally knew Suvorov, recalled:
Foreigners wrote a lot about the eccentricities of the Russian commander. Duke Richelieu wrote:
Count Langeron, the commander of the Napoleonic wars, spoke of Suvorov:
Suvorov's contribution to military science
The commanding genius of Suvorov is reflected in Shishov's chased wording: "I did not lose a single battle, most of which were won with the numerical superiority of the enemy."
Suvorov had extensive knowledge not only in military sciences, but also in other fields of knowledge. Having developed and applied more advanced forms and methods of warfare in military practice, he was well ahead of his era, providing the Russian military art with a leading place in the world.
Suvorov created an advanced system of education and training of troops. It was based on the belief that man is the decisive factor for victory.
He was the enemy of aimless and senseless drill, sought to arouse in the soldiers a sense of national identity and love for the motherland, to accustom them to bold, initiative and skillful actions in a variety of combat conditions.
Suvorov also paid great attention to everyday life and the provision of soldiers, as a result of which diseases that were the "scourge" of the 18th century armies were sharply reduced. By showing tireless care for the soldiers, their life and needs, and sharing with them all the field life, Suvorov won the boundless trust and love of the army.
An important contribution of Suvorov to the Russian military science was the development of the Russian-speaking military lexicon itself. His works are written in Russian with a minimum of terms of foreign origin and the fundamental use of the Russian system of measures, which was very rare for that time.
Suvorov, himself knowing several foreign languages, with extreme contempt belonged to those colleagues and subordinates who, in their oral speech, tried to shine with the knowledge of foreign languages, used words unnecessarily incomprehensible to soldiers.
His expression “damned non-knowledge” is addressed to them, since he was convinced that the inclusion of an abundance of foreign words and fashionable neologisms was intended to cover up incompetence, inconsistency in command of the troops and lack of initiative in decision-making.
André Massena, the French marshal of Napoleon’s time, once said:
I would give all my victories for just one of the Swiss campaign of Suvorov.